My repeated efforts to instill, to inculcate, a necessary broad understanding of democratic principles and government — and the part played by the HOA legal model of local government — in the demise of democracy in America has been greatly assisted by the recent publication Private Metropolis. (It was published at the same time as my amicus curiae filing with Arizona Supreme Court in Tarter).
The opening introductory segment encompasses a wide description of special governmental units. It is loaded with constitutional issues and controversies that says it all quite plainly: “quasi-governments,” “shadow local states,” “the municipality is no longer the privileged seat of governance,” and “special purpose local governments” (including homeowner associations with some 24% of the population as residents), that “became, in effect, shadow governments.”
My 21 year long-term effort in the trenches has been to introduce the broad level constitutional issues and democratic philosophy to the average American, who does not know and cannot understand the words of these learned political scientists. I have, for the most part, failed. Private Metropolis gives me additional support and the basis for continued efforts to educate the public at large who suffer the consequences of a “not my job” attitude.
It is up to the homeowner advocates and HOA boards to embrace this reality and expose the arguments of supportive political scientists to the policy makers in your state, as well as educating the media on its continued silence on these issues.
 See in general, Whither goest local government? Restrictive HOAs or responsible public government (2009); CAI’s early awareness of HOA constitutionality, public mini-government (2021); HOAs are another form of local government (2021).
 Private Metropolis: the Eclipse of Local Democratic Government, Dennis R. Judd, Evan McKenzie, Alba Alexander, Global and Community Series, Vol. 32, Univ. of Minneapolis Press (June 22, 2021).