CAI flexes its muscle in Congress arguing constitutional law and judicial review

With respect to the federal Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2015, S 1685/HR 1301 (HAM operators), the national lobbying organization, Community Association Institute (CAI), seeks to assert that the private contractual HOA CC&Rs are constitutionally protected from government contract infringement. CAI CEO Skiba argues that there is no compelling government interest to allow contract infringement and that the province for HOA regulation lies at the state level.[1]  This is a first for CAI!

It shows that it understands what I’ve been writing about: that the surrender and waiver of constitutional rights in HOA-Land must pass judicial scrutiny although the courts have gotten around this legal requirement.[2]  Here, for the first time that I’m aware, CAI argues that the Amateur Radio Act fails to pass judicial scrutiny because there is no compelling and necessary government interest for the law.[3]

As I wrote the sponsors of these bills,

State laws are pro-HOA, and the states have abdicated their obligations to protect the individual rights of citizens. State legislatures are strongly influenced by the special interest lobbyists headed by CAI.

I explained that the attitudes, views, and conduct of CAI demonstrate the dual façade, the two-faced voice of CAI, that now shouts for constitutional protections against the bill.

CAI gives the false impression that HOAs are democratic and offer the same protections of individual rights as found in the public domain. This is grossly untrue. You will not find fair election laws in HOAs, nor effective due process hearings for violations, nor penalties against the HOA officers and directors for violations of the law and contractual obligations as found in the public domain, nor the right to member initiatives, nor the conditions for a valid surrender of one’s rights and freedoms. All of which would be necessary for a just and fair legitimate democratic government.

CAI would also have you believe that HOA CC&Rs, which are binding sight unseen by means of constructive notice, are sufficient for the surrender of fundamental rights.

I further wrote that “protecting an invalid contract would make a mockery of the Constitution.

With respect to CAI itself, I informed the sponsors that,

“CAI comes with unclean hands. . . . Operating as a monopoly, CAI indoctrinates the public at large, public officials, the media, and homebuyers into its view of the HOA industry.  This indoctrination creates a common core of beliefs and attitudes, and establishes CAI as a national shadow government, a private entity, that has not been delegated such powers and authority by Congress.”[4]

I explained that CAI’s opposition to the bill is based in its argument that private entity HOAs need not be subject to the Constitution or the laws of the land. [And that] the 14th Amendment does not apply to these private governments.”

I added that, “Furthermore, CAI resists the intrusion of government into its shadow government arena and dominance of HOA-Land.”



[1] See, Statement For the Record  H.R. 1301 The Amateur Radio Parity Act 2015 , House Energy and Commerce Committee, Jan. 12, 2016, Thomas M. Skiba, CAI CEO; see also, Will the real CAI standup: its contradictory beliefs, pronouncements and goals.

[2] The courts have upheld free speech surrenders and other implicit surrender of rights on the basis of a general government interest, and not applying strict scrutiny review.  The courts presumed genuine consent to be bound was present, or the application of constructive notice – no need to see or sign the CC&Rs to be bound – as controlling. The question of violations of the 14th Amendment “due process” and “equal protection of the law” requirements were not considered.

[3]Are the means [the statute] narrowly tailored to accomplish a compelling governmental objective? (narrowly tailored – the means are necessary and there are no equally effective less restrictive alternative means available to accomplish the objective) (sometimes the word necessary is used instead of narrowly tailored, but in the context of strict scrutiny they mean the same thing).

Standards of Review web page, (

[4] This one-sided, personal agenda becomes obvious when CAI has failed to adopt a poll based on the Truth in HOAs Disclosure Agreement, and in general, does not include in its education programs the topics contained in HOA Common Sense: rejecting private government.

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"The Voice for HOA Constitutionality". I have been a long-term homeowner rights authority, advocate and author of "The HOA-Land Nation Within America" (2019) and" Establishing the New America of independent HOA principalities" (2008). See HOA Constitutional Government at My efforts with HOAs took me to a broader concern that was deeply affecting the constituionality of HOAs. Those broad societal and plotical concerns caused me to start this new blog for my commentaries on the State of the New America.

6 thoughts on “CAI flexes its muscle in Congress arguing constitutional law and judicial review”

  1. CAI is corrupt. That sums it up. They are paid by management companies who are just interested in keep their accounts and making money. They do not care about the individual owners for the most part from my experience. They lack morality and ethics. More interested in collecting their fees than doing the right thing. The lobbyists for CAI are just as horrid.

  2. From Neighbors At War (Ward Lucas) —

    George’s Take on the Amateur Radio Parity Act

    We have some really great minds in our movement. But when you ask the experts who’s in the top three… George Staropoli’s name inevitably comes up. That’s why I’m asking all of you to check out the link below, in which George discusses the Community Association Institute’s fight against the right of ham radio operators to operate in Homeowners Associations. When trying to explain to your attorney or your legislator how insidious and deceptive the CAI really is, include a printout of George’s analysis. It’s short, but it’s amazing insight.

    (CAI flexes its muscle in Congress arguing Constitutional law and judicial review)


    My comment:

    Thanks for your support Ward.

    Your advice to your readers is on the mark. I know many of the issues that I write on are not easily understood by the average homeowner, but I write to inform those who do understand what I am talking about — the lawyers and supposedly the legislators. My materials are available to help homeowners to get the help that they need to stop the abuse and oppression. I say to your readers/followers to pass on my materials to those who should know what I am discussing.

    Thanks again Ward.


  3. Thank you for your commitment to this issue. So many lives and fmailies have been affected by HOA unfiar rule. One day it will change. Just takes individuals like yourself to make it happen.

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