CAI continues to ignore the Constitution for the HOA constitution

CAI continues its stand against HOAs being held to the US and state constitutions.  This is a second case, the first being CBTR v. Twin Rivers, 929 A.2d 1060 (2007). Sort of an argument for secession to an independent principality status where all residents would be regarded as “expats” (expatriates).

In the Twin Rivers case, the CAI amicus brief to the NJ appellate court warned about “the unwise extension of constitutional rights to the use of private property by members [in HOAs].”

Here’s what CAI had to say in this more recent NJ case, 4 years later. Note that it’s a “putative” brief. Aside for being paid by a party, not indicated here, a putative amicus brief can bring up arguments not raised by the parties for the “edification” of the court. This appears to be CAI – NJ’s position.

Excerpts from the “Putative Amicus Curiae Brief” by CAI – NJ to NJ Supreme Court, July 27, 2011

Whatever rights common interest association members have to express themselves regarding association issues arise not from the State Constitution but rather from statute, from contractual provisions of the association’s governing documents, from the fiduciary duty owed by the association trustees, and from concepts of fundamental fairness.

The ability of members to communicate with each other thus may be said to be an implied covenant in the By-Laws, a fiduciary obligation of the organization, and/or due to fundamental fairness to enable members to participate in community affairs and governance.

A governing board’s regulations are enforceable only if they satisfy the business judgment rule, that is, they are authorized by statute or the governing documents and the board’s action is not fraudulent, self-dealing or unconscionable. [citing Twin Rivers].

Because the unit owners have other statutory, contractual and legal remedies to protect them from overreaching by the Association, there is no need to apply the constitutional free speech clause. For that reason as well, the appellate majority opinion should be reversed.

Mazdabrook Commons v. Kahn, No. 67,094, (NJ 2011) (Not yet decided).

In other words, who needs the Constitution? We have our top-down, business profiteer’s CC&Rs private contract, and laws that mimic and are almost identical to the CC&Rs. Who needs the NJ Constitution, too.

See Twin Rivers and NJ HOA free speech rights, redux.


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  1. […] equal application of the laws for HOA members.  And there is CAI’s performance as presented in CAI continues to ignore the Constitution for the HOA constitution that clearly makes the case for CAI’s rejection of and secession from Constitutional […]

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