I’m tired of hearing the term, stakeholder, over and over again by CAI, and used by others including legislators. I don’t think that they know the real meaning of “stakeholder” as bastardized by CAI. Let me explain.
The term or concept of “stakeholder” is not found in the HOA “bible,” the Homes Association Handbook of 1964. I cannot find it either HOA texts, in the 1992 book by Prof. Jay Dilger, Neighborhood Politics, or in Prof. McKenzie’s 1994 book, Privatopia. However, McKenzie describes the beginnings of CAI in 1973 as an organization to solve the problems with HOAs. It was to consist of various “interest groups” that had an interest in making the HOA legal scheme work.
Even then, the real focus, as is today, was on the HOA directors and not on the homeowners per se – the five groups were: public officials (rapidly departed), professionals (attorneys), managers, developers and “homeowner associations directors (referred to by CAI as ‘homeowners’)”. Under “professional” there was reference to landscapers and accountants, etc., which makes these stakeholders also equal partners in your home, according to CAI. Gee, what would your spouse say to that? Talk about redefinitions and “newspeak.”
The term or concept of “stakeholder” is also not found in the 2000 CAI – ULI jointly funded testament to CAI, Community Associations, by Donald R. Stabile. But, in his discussion of history, Stabile speaks of The Homes Association Handbook (1963), “To establish the satisfaction all components of the housing industry expressed for [HOAs] . . . TB50 evaluated the perspectives of each [group].” It reflects the concern of various business interest groups – the stakeholders (this term is not used by Stabile), but not the homeowners, just the “association owners.” Stabile does point out that CAI was initially organized (1973) by these same groups of “interested” parties necessary to make the problems with HOAs go away, but then again, he mentions “homeowner leaders of associations,” but not homeowners.
I believe this was the genesis of what later became the CAI argument that the stakeholders have an equal stake in the member’s private property home, for which the owner alone has monetary liability.
It should be obvious by now that the term “stakeholder” as used by CAI definitely excludes the homeowner, and has evolved from the long term focus on the “interest groups” with a stake in selling and making the HOA concept a success. It is obvious, too, from the false and misleading statements before Arizona legislative committees that CAI had met with all the stakeholders, but not one homeowner rights advocate was ever invited or attended these stakeholder meetings, just who CAI sees as “stakeholders.”