In Epernay CA v. Shaar the Texas appellate court again avoided declaring that a declaration of CC&Rs is a contract, but use the carefully worded, CC&RS “are subject to the general rules of contract construction,” followed by, “In construing contracts. . .” Other courts have declared CC&Rs to be a contract without providing evidence, making the declaration a dicta (ipse dixit made by a judge). Others have referred to cases that, themselves, are also dicta utterances.
The reason for this is that HOA governments under CC&Rs are held to be subject to the laws of equitable servitudes, which simply requires the filing of the CC&Rs with the county in order to be binding on the unsuspecting homeowner. He doesn’t even have to read the CC&Rs or even explicitly consent to agree in general, or to agree with the surrender or waiver of all his rights stated or implied in the CC&Rs. If indeed CC&RS were to be considered a bona fide contract under contract law 101, they would be thrown out the window.
See the responses to the Truth in HOAs poll where 92% said they would not agree to the conditions in HOAs as disclosed in the Disclosure Agreement.
Additionally, if the requirement for the genuine consent with full knowledge, and the absence of misrepresentation, were applied under contract law, the CC&Rs would be thrown out the window.
Why have the courts followed servitude laws over constitutional law with its requirements for the equal application of the law – contract law – and due process protections against special laws for special private organizations? Why have the courts or state legislatures failed to declare HOA governments to be an unconstitutional delegation of legislative powers to private organizations? Or to be state actors under the criteria set forth by the US Supreme Court (and not the ancient and misplaced holding of the “public functions” test)?
If people can get together a draw a contract, call it CC&RS, and operate as private governments not subject to the 14th Amendment, why do we need constitutional government? That’s secession, isn’t it?